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Light Steel Framing – what is LSF and advantages

*At Beelt we are expanding the network of suppliers and installers of light steel components and are looking for partners committed to quality and innovation. Please contact us.*


Light Steel Framing (LSF) is a construction system that uses light steel profiles as the main structure for the construction of buildings. In this system, the structures are composed of light steel profiles, usually made of galvanized steel, designed to allow quick and efficient assembly on the construction site.

It is already an alternative to the traditional method of construction in concrete and masonry, with several advantages in its use. In terms of sustainability, the following stand out:

  • Energy efficiency: LSF allows thermal insulation to be incorporated more easily, reducing the need for energy consumption for heating and cooling buildings. This results in lower energy use and, consequently, reduced greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Less waste of materials: LSF components are manufactured with precision off-site, reducing the waste of materials during construction. In addition, the steel used in the system is recyclable, which contributes to reducing environmental impact.
  • Lower carbon footprint: The production and transportation of LSF components generate less carbon emissions compared to conventional building materials such as concrete.
  • Reusability and recyclability: The materials used in LSF, such as steel and insulation, can be reused or recycled at the end of the building’s life, reducing environmental impact and contributing to the circular economy.
  • Improved indoor air quality: The LSF system allows the efficient installation of ventilation systems, improving indoor air quality and providing a healthier environment for occupants.

Advantages over the traditional model are also identified in construction:

  • Speed of construction: LSF uses prefabricated components that are assembled on site quickly and efficiently, resulting in reduced construction time compared to traditional methods.
  • Weight: The lightweight steel used in LSF is lighter than other building materials, making it easier to handle, transport and assemble on site.
  • Architectural flexibility: LSF offers greater design flexibility, allowing for different configurations and architectural adaptations. It is possible to create open spaces, wide spans and varied architectural forms with the system.
  • Strength and durability: The steel used in LSF is a strong material, able to withstand significant structural loads and resist adverse weather conditions, resulting in durable, long-lived buildings.
  • Less labor requirement: LSF requires less labor compared to traditional methods due to rapid assembly and the use of prefabricated components.

The adoption of LSF has, for all these reasons, grown worldwide in recent decades, and is already widely used in countries such as the United States, Canada and Australia. In Portugal, adoption can be considered relatively recent, but the trend is growing as more industry professionals and owners become familiar with the benefits of this system and gain experience in its use.

It is essential to take into account the cost impact of LSF construction compared to traditional construction methods, with some cases having a slightly higher initial value due to the costs associated with manufacturing the light steel profiles and assembling the system. However, it is also important to consider that it offers benefits that can offset this higher initial investment, namely through time efficiency (faster construction due to more efficient assembly of components on site) and cost efficiency (cost savings in relation to labor and less waste of materials) throughout construction.

It should be noted that the choice between LSF and traditional construction methods must take into account several factors such as location, specific design, chosen materials and available labor, as well as durability, design flexibility and sustainable considerations. We therefore recommend that each project is assessed individually taking into account all the factors mentioned above.

Awareness of its benefits such as reduced construction waste, energy efficiency and architectural flexibility have contributed to the popularity of LSF, will you use it in your next project too?


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